easy approach to phrasal verbs


Publicat el 23 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

Sting cuts out kids  . No inheritance

To cut out :

meaning:  not allow someone to get something

USE: disappearance, elimination


Sting says his six children will not inherit £180m fortune

Singer fears his riches are ‘albatrosses round their necks’ and has told children not to expect to inherit much money

Sting says his children have to work. ‘All my kids know that and they rarely ask me for anything, which I really respect and appreciate,’ he says. Photograph: David Levene

Sting has revealed his children will not inherit his £180m fortune, fearing that his riches are “albatrosses round their necks”.

The former frontman of The Police grew up in a working-class family in Wallsend, North Tyneside, and has gone on to become one of Britain’s wealthiest musicians.

But in an interview with the Mail on Sunday, he said he has told his six children not to expect to inherit much money because he doesn’t believe in trust funds.

He said: “I told them there won’t be much money left because we are spending it. We have a lot of commitments. What comes in we spend, and there isn’t much left. I certainly don’t want to leave them trust funds that are albatrosses round their necks. They have to work. All my kids know that and they rarely ask me for anything, which I really respect and appreciate.”

He also attacked assumptions that his children are bank-rolled by his fortune: “People make assumptions, that they were born with a silver spoon in their mouth, but they have not been given a lot.”

The singer, who found fame in the late 1970s with The Police and has gone on to have a hugely successful solo career, has sold an estimated 100m records worldwide.

Sting, 62, has two children – Joseph, 37, and Kate, 32 – from his first marriage, and four children – Brigitte Michael, 30, Jake, 28, Eliot Pauline, 23, and Giacomo Luke, 18 – from his second marriage to Trudie Styler.

He is the ninth richest musician in Britain and Ireland, according to the 2013 Sunday Time Rich List, behind pop stars including Sir Paul McCartney and SirElton John. Despite his wealth, Sting said he races through his cash as he has more than 100 people on his payroll.

He has recently put his sprawling nine-bedroom townhouse, which is just a stone’s throw away from Buckingham Palace, on the market for £15m. The singer said the house is “too big” now his children have left home, but insists the move does not mean he is leaving England for good. He said: “We are not leaving. I love England. I’m still English.”

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Publicat el 22 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

The noun RUNAWAY  (one word)is formed from phrasal verb “To run  away”
Meaning. a runaway vehicle is moving fast without anyone controlling it
Use: Movement from given place

ON June 20, 2003, employees of the Union Pacific Railroad faced a difficult decision as a RUNAWAY train headed toward downtown Los Angeles:



CreditOlimpia Zagnoli
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ON June 20, 2003, employees of the Union Pacific Railroad faced a difficult decision as A RUNAWAY TRAIN headed toward downtown Los Angeles: Should they divert the train to a side track, knowing it would derail and hit homes in the less populated city of Commerce, Calif.? Did the moral imperative to minimize overall harm outweigh the moral imperative not to intentionally harm an innocent suburb?

They chose to divert the train, which injured 13 people, including three children who were sent to the hospital.

This extreme real-life situation resembles a philosophical thought experiment known as the trolley problem, which was designed to probe our moral commitments. It goes like this: Imagine you are standing on a footbridge over rail tracks. An approaching trolley is about to kill five people farther down the tracks. The only way to stop it is to push a large man off the footbridge and onto the tracks below. This will save the five people but kill the man. (It will not help if you jump; you are not large enough.) Do you push him?

No one approves of killing an innocent person. At the same time, sacrificing one person to save five has its own compelling moral logic. One of these two moral principles has to yield, and there is considerable debate about which one it should be.

What is uncontroversial is that your reaction to this dilemma should not depend on morally irrelevant aspects of the situation, like what color shirt the large man is wearing, or what the weather is, or whether you are being presented with the dilemma on a Tuesday rather than a Wednesday.

But we’ve got some surprising news. In a study recently published in the journal PloS One, our two research teams, working independently, discovered that when people are presented with the trolley problem in a foreign language, they are more willing to sacrifice one person to save five than when they are presented with the dilemma in their native tongue.

One research team, working in Barcelona, recruited native Spanish speakers studying English (and vice versa) and randomly assigned them to read this dilemma in either English or Spanish. In their native tongue, only 18 percent said they would push the man, but in a foreign language, almost half (44 percent) would do so. The other research team, working in Chicago, found similar results with languages as diverse as Korean, Hebrew, Japanese, English and Spanish. For more than 1,000 participants, moral choice was influenced by whether the language was native or foreign. In practice, our moral code might be much more pliable than we think.

Extreme moral dilemmas are supposed to touch the very core of our moral being. So why the inconsistency? The answer, we believe, is reminiscent of Nelson Mandela’s advice about negotiation: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.” As psychology researchers such as Catherine Caldwell-Harris have shown, in general people react less strongly to emotional expressions in a foreign language.

An aversion to pushing the large man onto the tracks seems to engage a deeply emotional part of us, whereas privileging five lives over one appears to result from a less emotional, more utilitarian calculus. Accordingly, when our participants faced this dilemma in their native tongue, they reacted more emotionally and spared the man. Whereas a foreign language seemed to provide participants with an emotional distance that resulted in the less visceral choice to save the five people.

If this explanation is correct, then you would expect that a less emotionally vivid version of the same dilemma would minimize the difference between being presented with it in a foreign versus a native language. And this indeed is what we found. We conducted the same experiment using a dilemma almost identical to the footbridge — but with one crucial difference. In this version, you can save the five people by diverting the trolley to a track where the large man is, rather than by actively shoving him off the bridge.

We found that people reacted much less emotionally in this situation. Indeed, 80 percent of our participants opted to divert the trolley, their choice identical in both native and foreign languages.

Our research does not show which choice is the right one. But it does help us predict and explain some moral choices. Derailing the runaway train in California, for instance, was a choice we predict most people would make, both in their native and nonnative tongue.

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Publicat el 22 de juny de 2014 per ealonso





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Publicat el 20 de juny de 2014 per ealonso
THE WAVES :  page 5

There are three phrasals verbs  on page 5:


To pull up :

Meaning : draw something up
USE: basic, upward

To smack down: 

Meaning:  hit something hard and noisily
USE: basic, downward 

To go down:

Meaning:  descend
USE: basic, downward 

   “The beast stamps; the elephant with its  foot chained; the great brute on the beach stamps,” said Louis.
   “Look at the house,” said Jinny, “with all its windows white with blinds.”
   “Cold water begins to run from the scullery tap, “said Rhoda, “over the mackerel in the bowl.”
   “The walls are cracked with gold cracks,” said Bernard, “and there are blue,
finger-shaped shadows or leaves beneath the windows,”

   “Now Mrs Constable PULLS UP her thick black stockings” said Susan.
   “When the smoke rises, sleep curls off the roof like a mist,” said Louis.
   “The birds sang in chorus first,”said Rhoda. “Now the scullery door is unbarred- Off they fly. Off they fly like a fling of seed. But one sings by the bedroom window alone.”
   “Bubbles form on the floor of the saucepan,” said Jinny. Then they rise, quicker and quicker, in a silver chain to the top.”
   “Now Biddy scrapes the fish-scales with a jagged knife on to a wooden board,” said Neville.
   “The dining-room window is dark blue now,” said Bernard, “and the air ripples above the chimmeys.”
   ” A swallow is perched on the lightning-conductor,” said Susan. “And Biddy has SMACKED DOWN  the bucket on the kitchen flags.”
   “That is the first stroke of the church bell, ” said Louis. “Then the others follow: one, two; one, two; one, two.”
   “Look at the tablecloth, flying white along the table,” said Rhoda.”Now there are rounds of white china, and silver streaks besdide each plate.”
   “Suddenly a bee booms in my ear,” said Neville. “It is here; it is past.”
   “I burn, I shiver,” said Jinny, “out of this sun, into this shadow.”
   “Now they have all gone,” said Louis. “I am alone. They have gone into the house for breakfast, and I am left standing by the wall among the flowers. It is very early, before lessons. Flower after flower is specked on the depths of green. The petals are harlequins. Stalks rise from the black hollows beneath. The flowers swim like fish made of light upon the dark, green waters. I hold a stalk in my hand. I am the stalk. My roots GO DOWN  to the depths of the world, through earth dry with brick, and damp earth, through veins of lead and silver. I am all fibre. All tremors shake me, and the weight of the earth is pressed to my ribs. Up here my eyes are green leaves, unseeing. I am a boy in grey flannels with a belt fastened by a brass snake up here. Down there my eyes are the lidless eyes of a stone figure in a desert by the Nile. I see a woman passing with red pitchers to the river; I see camels
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Publicat el 20 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

To parade through: 

Meaning: march at ceremony

USE: from one side to the other side



Dijous  19.06.2014  16:49


New Spanish King PARADES THROUGH  Madrid in Franco’s Rolls-Royce convertible 

It’s one of the three exclusive Phantom IV models that the dictator ordered in 1948 and that he rode for the first time in the “victory parade” of July 18, 1952


One of the images of Felipe VI of Bourbon’s coronation today is the parade through the center of Madrid by the new Spanish king and queen. They made the trip in one of the three exclusive Rolls-Royce Phantom IV that dictator Francisco Franco had built in 1948 for 8,580 British pounds each, in the middle of the postwar era in which Spain was suffering terrible poverty and hunger. The three vehicles, built by hand,were delivered in 1952 and Franco used the convertible for the first time in the “victory parade” of July 18, 1952, commemorating his military overthrow of the Spanish government 16 years earlier which led to the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 and Franco’s military dictatorship between 1939 and his death in 1975.

The three Rolls-Royce Phantom IV are the property of the SpanishNational Patrimony, although the Royal Family is the only one who uses them regularly.

Indeed, the new king and queen, Felipe and Letizia, already used the same convertible nine years ago on their wedding day, after the vehicle was modified to add security, at a cost of 360,000 euros. The car was also used by the princesses Elena and Cristina during their weddings with Jaime de Marichalar and Iñaki Urdangarín, respectively.

With respect to Francisco Franco’s cars, among which there are gifts from Adolf Hitler, you can read this complete article (in Spanish).

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Publicat el 19 de juny de 2014 per ealonso



To expose the character or nature of:




Jaume Sastre: “We showed Bauzà up, now it’s time to finish the job”

The high school teacher called off his hunger strike yesterday in favor of Catalan schooling, after 40 days

With a firm voice and a measured voice, Jaume Sastre speaks to us for a few minutes via telephone. It’s been a few hours since his support team announced that he had called off his hunger strike in defense of Catalan schooling, just as the forty-first day was beginning. He had a little bit of broth and some fruit and now will begin his recovery at the Casa Llarga, the center that hosted him during the strike. Over the weekend, doctors warned him that the consequences were beginning to be irreversible. The people closest to him—and also people all over who joined and supported the cause—were urging him to give up the hunger strike, as he finally did. Sastre’s state of mind is “enviable and dignified” said his support team. He’s giving up the strike, but the educational struggle continues.

One has to be very brave to do what you have done.

Not so much. It’s a matter of will power. They told me a bit how it was going. They isolated me from daily life, and I had wonderful support. I have had extraordinary support that I appreciate and that helped me. With respect to my physical state, these last days I had a headache and we were controlling the sugar. And no, I didn’t want to eat. We have resisted.

You risked your life for your language and for schools. Why?
Because all of this is threatened. If we have been able to enjoy Catalan schooling all these years, it’s because there were people who sacrificed themselves at some moment. And now the PP and Bauzà, but also in the Valencian Country and in Catalonia, they are testing us. And we have to win. We have to come out victorious. If you want fish, you have to get your butt wet, as they say around here. That is, you have to take some risks.

What do you think the hunger strike has been good for?
For me, this break after 40 days was a strategic break. Like when we stopped after the third week of the strike for the language. That is, we stopped so we could come back more strongly. Now, we’ll recover. This year, we have experienced the battle of the European elections, and I think it came out very well, both in Valencia and the Balearics and in Catalonia. And now we’re getting ready for the battle in 2015. There will be autonomy-wide elections in the Balearics and we have to finish off the job. We have to remove the PP and José Ramón Bauzà from power. For me, it was a very important experience and I see it as training to make us stronger. We have to return time and again to civil disobedience, peaceful and passive resistance, hunger strikes, and I hope that people see that these strategies are more accessible and that they are there to be used when the moment is right. This coming year and the one after will be very important.

The government was unable to react to your hunger strike.
I’m not at all surprised by Bauzà’s attitude. I believe that we are wrong when we think that it’s up to them and that’s it. That comes from Madrid. In the same way that Rajoy’s PP doesn’t want to negotiate with Catalonia and denies that we are a people. It’s an attitude that already demonstrates a lack of democracy, and that’s the same thing we find with Bauzà and the educational community in the Balearics. So, I’m not surprised that Bauzà didn’t budge. But we wanted to show him up in front of the whole population, including his voters and supporters, and I think that goal was achieved. Now we just have to finish off the job.

And what about the educational struggle?
The educational struggle continues stronger than ever. The big debate in the high schools at the end of the school year is how to frame the battle in 2015. From this experience, educators and the educational community will all come out stronger. with a spirit of renewed struggle. And everything that is happening this year has established human ties among educators that can’t be broken.

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Publicat el 18 de juny de 2014 per ealonso
Page 4: There are six phrasal verbs on this page:

1. To spread away: 
Meaning: extension from a given place 
Text: ” SPREADING AWAY  until it meets a purple stripe “
USE : movement from a given place

2. To go up: 
Meaning:  ascend
Text: “I hear a sound “said Rhoda,” cheep, chirp; cheep, chirp; GOING UP AND DOWN. 
USE: upward

3. To go down: 
Meaning: descend 
Text: “I hear a sound” said Rhoda,” cheep, chirp; cheep, chirp;” GOING UP and DOWN 
USE: downward

4. To hang down:
Meaning:to put something somewhere so that the top part is held in position but the bottom part is loose an can move easily
Text: “HANGING DOWN in a drop against the enormous flanks of some hill.”
USE: downward

5. To flash in:
Meaning :pass quickly inside somewhere
Text: “And burning lights from the windows-panes FLASH IN and OUT.”
USE: from exterior to interior

6. To flash out:
Meaning: pass quickly outside somewhere
Text: “And burnings lights from the windows-panes FLASH IN and OUT.”
USE: from interior to exterior

THE WAVES : page 4

 “I SEE A RING” said Bernard, “hanging above me. It quivers and hangs in a loop of light,”

   “I see a slab of pale yellow,” said Susan, “SPREADING AWAY until it meets a purple stripe.”
   “I hear a sound,” said Rhoda, “cheep, chirp; cheep, chirp; GOING UP and DOWN.”

   “I see a globe,” said Neville, “HANGING DOWN in a drop against the enormous flanks of some hill.”
   “I see a crimson tassel, ”  said Jinny, “twisted with gold threads.”
   “I hear something stamping,” said Louis. “A great beast’s  foot is chained. It stamps, and stamps, and stamps.”
   “Look at the spider’s web on the corner of the balcony,” said Bernard. It has beads of water on it, drops of white light.”
   “The leaves are gathered round the window like pointed ears,” said Susan.
   “A shadow falls on the path,” said Louis, “like an elbow bent.”
   “Islands of light are swimming on the grass,” said Rhoda. “They have fallen through the trees.”
   “the birds’ eyes are bright in the tunnels between the leaves,” said Neville.
“The stalks are covered with harsh, short hairs,” said Jinny, “and drops of water have stuck to them.”
   “A caterpillar is curled in a green ring,” said Susan, “notched with blunt feet,”
   “The grey-shelled snail draws across the path and flattens the blades behind him,” said Rhoda. 
   “And burning lights from the window-panes FLASH IN  and OUT  on the grasses,” said Louis.
   “Stones are cold to my feet,” said Neville. “I feel each one, round or pointed separately.”
   “The back of my hand burns, “said Jinny, “but the palm is clammy and damp with dew.”
   “Now the cock crows like a spurt of hard, red water in the white tide,” said Bernard.
   “Birds are singing up and down and in and out all round us,” said Susan. 


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Publicat el 18 de juny de 2014 per ealonso


Meaning: If you burn out, you make yourself unable to continue working because you have worked too hard

USE : Disappearence, elimination, metaphorical


The insurgency will BURN OUT to the benefit of its sworn Shiite enemies. comment icon Comments

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WASHINGTON — TO go by much of the commentary about Iraq in recent days, the country is already past the breaking point under the lightning campaign by Sunni insurgents. Reinforced by hardened fighters from Syria and sympathetic communities in northern and western Iraq, the insurgents control much of Mosul, the most important city in northern Iraq, and Tikrit, the home of Saddam Hussein’s clan, and they have laid siege to Samarra, the site of one of Shiism’s most storied shrines. It would be no surprise if the next few weeks brought them to the gates of Baghdad.

But an assault on Baghdad, or even its capture, would be an illusory victory. It can only end in defeat — and the strengthening of the insurgents’ sworn Shiite enemies in Baghdad and, especially, Tehran.

First, consider the brute demographic reality. Unlike in Syria, Sunnis are a relatively small part of the Iraqi population, about 25 percent — though they are a majority in some areas of the west and north. And in Baghdad their numbers are minuscule.

The reason for this lies in an earlier Sunni revolt triggered by the second gulf war. Baghdad was the target then, too, and its Sunni population was about 35 percent. As the Sunnis asserted themselves militarily, Shiites struck back; by 2008, when their fury was largely spent, Sunnis were reduced to as little as 12 percent of the city’s population.

If the insurgents of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, enter Baghdad’s residual Sunni neighborhoods, they will likely be welcomed, but they won’t have much to work with, nor will they have the strategic depth they will need in the street fighting that ensues.

Moreover, rather like what happened in Syria, the Sunni offensive is likely to spur a transformation of the Iraqi Army from the sorry mess it is now into a more resilient and operationally effective force.

In Syria, the army reeled in the face of the rebellion in 2011; desertions were rife and large sections of territory were lost to the insurgency. But as incompetent commanders were killed or relieved and a new leadership emerged, the army was able to bring its vastly greater firepower to bear on an increasingly fractionated adversary. Its combat capability was multiplied by the successful integration of civilian militias and the intelligence and tactical advice supplied byIran. This trajectory is likely to be replicated in Iraq.

The character of the Sunni offensive will mobilize more than just the army. Mass execution has been meshed with the use of religious symbolism by the insurgents, who framed their objective as extirpating “the filth” — Shiite teaching and believers — from Najaf and Karbala, the two holiest Shiite cities. In a minority war on a majority population, this is a suicidal tactic. The Shiites will hit back even harder than last time.

In addition to being hobbled by their paltry numbers, the rebels have chosen to make war on an adversary with powerful friends who have a serious stake in the future of Iraq.

Iran has already pledged assistance to the government of Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki and reportedly deployed elite units of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps to Iraq. The United States has sent an aircraft carrier and amphibious assault ship to the Persian Gulf and stepped up intelligence help for the Iraqi government.

Although Washington is unlikely to use force directly against the rebels — in part because insurgents don’t present the kind of targets that American air power is optimized to destroy, and in part because of reluctance to re-engage militarily in Iraq — the kind of advisory help, material assistance and diplomatic support that is on offer will stiffen Iraq’s spine. Perceptions, real or imagined, of American and Iranian collusion will help, too.

At the same time, gulf states that tacitly support the rebels as payback against Iran for its perceived takeover of Iraq will do nothing to support the rebels’ military campaign, for fear of creating an uncontrollable situation, even if their nationals privately fund the rebel army.

And once the fighting is over, the Sunnis will be even more isolated than before. President Obama’s call for a multiethnic governing coalition aside, it is inconceivable that Mr. Maliki will now reverse his policy of excluding Sunnis from governance.

In short, despite the rapid success of the Sunni campaign, it is a kamikaze attack that will make the Shiite hold on the Iraqi state stronger, not weaker.

That said, it’s unlikely that Mr. Maliki will have the stomach to retake the Sunni-majority areas of western Iraq anytime soon. The rump Iraq, like the Assad regime in Syria, will be ever more in thrall to Iran, and committed to domestic policies that make the reconstitution of the country via a political process ever more unlikely.

That’s hardly an optimal outcome for Washington: Among other things, Washington’s support for the Maliki government will put further strain on its ties to the gulf states; it will also complicate any effort to deal aggressively with Iran, with which it will find itself in an odd-couple alliance.

American policy makers might anticipate that the insurgency will burn itself out before it presents a real threat to American interests. But they can’t relax too much, because to the extent that this sectarian brawl produces something resembling a winner, it won’t be in Washington, Mosul or Baghdad — but in Tehran.

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Publicat el 17 de juny de 2014 per ealonso
Today we deal with the last three verbs from the Top 100 Verbs List:




USES                                                     EXAMPLES
1. from interior to exterior              The man went out
2. extension, projection                  The stones stuck out
3. distribution                                    She gave the papers out
4. emphasis, enlargement              They shouted out
5. fulfilment of a definite end          She reasoned the matter out  
6. disappearance, elimination        He wiped the marks out       


Sort out:

Meaning:  deal with someone successfully

This matter could be sorted out if they would just sit down and talk 

USE:  fulfilment of a definite end, metaphorical

Wear out: 

Meaning:  make someone  very tired

She was worn out from taking care of her elderly mother 

USE : from interior to exterior, metaphorical

Work out: 

Meaning: deal with a problem in a satisfactory way 

We’ve worked out our differences 

USE: fulfilment of a definite end

– @phrasal7verbs 


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Publicat el 17 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

To cut off

Meaning: stop supply

USE  : outward direction, elimination

Russia cuts off gas supply to Ukraine after talks collapse

Russia cuts off gas supply to Ukraine after talks collapse

Gazprom accuses Kiev of failing to pay huge debt, while Ukraine PM says row is part of Russian plan to destroy his country
Ukraine gas facility in Striy

A gas worker in western Ukraine: Gazprom said Ukraine was obliged to ensure gas reached its European customers. Photograph: Gleb Garanich/Reuters

Russia turned off the gas to Ukraine on Monday, the latest hostile act in the crisis between the two countries.

Both sides blamed the other for the collapse of last-ditch talks in Kiev on Sunday evening that lasted into the early hours of Monday.

Alexei Miller, chief executive of Russia’s state gas company, Gazprom, said the Ukrainians were trying to “blackmail” Russia into giving them a lower price and had failed to pay back a huge debt accumulated over recent years. Ukraine’s prime minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, said the gas negotiations were part of a “general Russian plan to destroy Ukraine”.

Gazprom’s spokesman Sergei Kupriyanov said: “Gazprom supplies to Ukraine only the amount that has been paid for, and the amount that has been paid for is zero.”

The gas issue is one more bone of contention in the dispute between Russia and Ukraine, in which Russia has annexed the Crimea peninsula and Kiev has accused Moscow of stirring up unrest in the east of the country.

On Monday, Ukraine’s president, Petro Poroshenko, announced plans for a temporary ceasefire in the east, where fighting has killed more than 300 in the past two months, including 49 deaths when a Ukrainian transport plane carrying soldiers was shot down near Luhansk over the weekend.

Poroshenko said that prior to the ceasefire Ukrainian forces needed to regain full control of the country’s border with Russia, which in places has fallen into the hands of separatists.

The president, in office for a week, has been trying to win support for a peace plan, but details have been thin and fighting has continued.

Poroshenko has said that he would be willing to offer an amnesty for fighters who did not have “blood on their hands”, as well as early parliamentary elections and guarantees over the status of the Russian language.

It is unclear yet how separatist leaders would respond to the ceasefire offer, especially as many of them are unlikely to be spared by the amnesty.

The Ukrainian president has spoken to his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, by telephone about the plans, but it is not clear whether the Kremlin has the will, or even the ability, to rein in the protest movement in the east.

Russia said it would have no further dealings with Ukraine’s foreign minister, Andriy Deshchytsia, after he was caught on camera over the weekend telling the crowds outside the Russian embassy that Putin was a “dickhead”.

When asked about the incident during a press conference in Minsk, Russia’s foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, pointedly did not call Deshchytsia a minister, referring to him as “the person whose surname is Deshchytsia”.

“I do not have anything else to discuss with him, and I don’t plan to speak to him,” Lavrov said.

The breakdown in negotiations over gas will bring back memories of earlier gas wars, when deliveries from Russia to Europe were interrupted. At the height of summer, the immediate consequences this time are likely to be less dramatic.

The European energy commissioner, Guenther Oettinger, who took part in talks on Sunday night between Gazprom and Ukraine’s Naftogaz, said he believed the situation was “solvable” if the sides showed more flexibility. He said he hoped the next round of negotiations could take place soon.

Gazprom’s Miller said Ukraine must now move to a pre-payment system for gas. He said that even if Ukraine did begin paying in advance for gas, none would be delivered until at least some of what Gazprom says is a $4.5bn debt was paid.

“There is no way we are going to have a situation where we just say this $4.5bn is behind us and we have no idea when we might get it,” Miller said.

Gazprom has filed a lawsuit with the Stockholm arbitration court over the $4.5bn of back-payments it says it is owed, while Ukraine has filed its own claim in which it alleges that Kiev overpaid by $6bn in recent years.

“Ukrainians will not reach for their pockets to pay $5bn per year in order that Russia can use this money to buy weapons, tanks and planes and bomb Ukrainian territory with them,” said Yatsenyuk.

At a press conference in Moscow, Miller was visibly irate, accusing Ukraine of sabotaging the talks deliberately and calling the Ukrainian demands wholly unrealistic.

“Give us a very low price … and if you don’t then we will not pay our debts, we will just take gas for free, we will take however much we feel like,” said Miller, characterising his view of the Ukrainian negotiating position.

However, he said Ukraine had promised to fulfil all transit requirements, and refused to say what the Russian response would be if Ukraine did take gas meant for European consumers.

“We will deliver exactly what is asked for by our European partners,” Miller said.

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Publicat el 16 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

Menswear sales catching up with womenswear, research shows

Market for men’s fashion grown by 18% in past five years and is worth £12.9bn, which is welcome news before London shows

men shoes

The menswear figures will be broadly welcomed by those convening in the capital for London Collections: Men. Photograph: David Levene

It has long been considered the poor relation of the fashion industry, but menswear sales are rapidly catching up with womenswear, according to research published today.

On the eve of the menswear London catwalk shows, market research firm Mintel suggests the UK market for men’s fashion has grown by 18% in the past five years and is now worth £12.9bn. That figure to reach £16.4bn by 2018.

Mintel’s findings suggest that menswear is now becoming a serious rival to the traditionally dominant womenswear market. The chief executive of the British Fashion Council, Caroline Rush, said: “The UK menswear industry is growing at an unprecedented speed. It is a serious business, a force to be reckoned with, and it has a huge impact on the economy and jobs in the UK.”

The figures will be broadly welcomed by the thousands of editors, buyers and designers convening in the capital for London Collections: Men, which kicks off for its fifth season on Sunday. More than 130 designers will participate in fashion shows, presentations, parties and networking events, with this year’s event looking likely to be highest profile yet.

Highlights include an opening ball hosted by actor Samuel L Jackson, in aid of cancer charity One For The Boys, while the footwear company Jimmy Choo will host its first ever catwalk show on Monday. Its campaign star, Game of Thrones actor Kit Harington, is expected to attend. The Burberry show, on Tuesday, is likely to deliver the event’s most celebrity-packed crowd, with regular front-row attendees for the brand including One Direction’s Harry Styles and musician Tinie Tempah.

The arrival of two big commercial brands for the first time this year – DKNYand Moschino – will further shine a light on London. The Moschino event is the first menswear collection from freshly-installed creative director Jeremy Scott. Scott’s womenswear debut in February was a brash spectacle inspired by McDonald’s uniforms.

The cutting-edge design talent that London is famous for nurturing will also be represented. There will be particular excitement surrounding Christopher Shannon’s Sunday afternoon show. This week, the Liverpudlian designer won the inaugural British Fashion Council/GQ Menswear Fund, a £200,000 prize that aims to help a flourishing designer become a global brand.

For their part, fashion editors and buyers will be on the hunt for that elusive spark of creative genius that will translate into a desirable sell-out piece next season. According to fashion forecasting agency Editd, the current trends most likely to continue to boom next year include experimental textures, such as embossing and embroidery, and floral prints.

Other items Editd forecasts to continue to sell well include backpacks and biker jackets. Though trends tend to move more slowly in menswear than in the women’s counterpart, the Mintel research suggests that wearing clothes that feel current is an increasingly important factor for younger British men. More than a quarter (26%) of those aged 25-34 admitted they are driven by the latest fashion when buying clothes, compared with 17% of women in the same age bracket.

The head of menswear at, Damien Paul, said sportswear-influenced clothing will continue to be a key focus. “The sportswear-inspired aesthetic has certainly been at the heart of contemporary menswear for the past few seasons, spearheaded by London designers like Richard Nicoll and Christopher Kane,” he said. “Bomber jackets, printed sweatshirts and trainers continue to be key categories for us. It’s part of a general loosening up in menswear – away from the dandified, buttoned-up look towards something more relaxed.”

GQ’s associate editor, Robert Johnston, believes the boom has been a long time coming: “It’s bizarre that the men’s market has been seen as such a poor relation compared to the women’s. This is just a correction.”

Johnston credits the shift, in part, to the explosion in popularity of men’s accessories and a reconnection with the bespoke tailoring, as well as a general uplift in men’s interest in their wardrobes and willingness to spend more on well-crafted pieces.

Though there have been many rumblings about the rise of men’s style before – particularly during the 1990s, when the term metrosexual gained traction – current trends suggest something more substantial. Johnston said: “Metrosexuality was more to do with an attitude. Now that attitude has turned into hard cash.”

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Publicat el 16 de juny de 2014 per ealonso
Today the three verbs to  be studied are as follows:




USES                                                          EXAMPLES
1. from interior to exterior                       The man went out
2. extension, projection                            The stone stuck out
3. distribution                                            She gave the papers out
4. emphasis, enlargement                         They shouted out
5. fulfilment of a definite end                    She reasoned the matter out 
6. disappearence, elimination                   He wiped the marks out


Leave out:

Meaning:  not to include someone or something

She feels left out because the other children don’t play with him 

USE: from interior to exterior, disappearance

Log out: 

Meaning: to finish using a computer system

Call me, after logging out this evening

USE: from interior to exterior

Put out:

Meaning : stop something burning

Please. put that cigarette out

USE: disappearance, elimination



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Publicat el 15 de juny de 2014 per ealonso
Today we will see the use of  three phrasal verb more with the particle “OUT”

These phrasal verbs come from the Top 100 List:




USES                                                   EXAMPLES 
1. from interior to exterior                The man went out
2. extension, projection                     The stones stuck out
3. distribution                                     She gave the  the papers out
4. emphasis, enlargement                  The shouted out
5. fulfilment of a definite end             She reasoned the matter out
6. disappearance, elimination            He wiped the marks out   

Go out:

Meaning:  to leave your home and go somewhere to do something enjoyable

I wanted the evening free for goung out with friends 

USE:  Basic, metaphorical

Find out: 

Meaning:  to discover a fact or a piece of information

The police are determined to find out who killed Louise 

USE : fulfilment of a definite end, metaphorical

Run out:

Meaning:  use all of something

Many hospitals are running out of money. 

USE: Disappearance, metaphorical


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Publicat el 15 de juny de 2014 per ealonso

Meaning: to depend on something for the money 

USE: outward direction& metaphorical

Example: environmentalists living off the grid on solar power,  

– @phrasal7verbs


Ibiza unites against oil prospectors

The waters surrounding the Balearic party island are a world heritage site – and conservationists, politicians and tourist chiefs are adamant that plans to drill in the sea must be stopped

Cala Benirras, Ibiza, Balearic Islands, Spain. Photograph: Image Broker/Rex

It is best known for all-night clubbing with top DJs such as Pete Tong and Fatboy Slim, an A-list celebrity crowd and partying, but Ibiza is also home to two national parks, environmentalists living off the grid on solar power, and is considered of such ecological and cultural importance that the UN designated the Balearic island and its surrounding waters a world heritage site.

Now people with interests in both camps are uniting over the prospect of oilexploration several miles off the coast in the glittering Mediterranean waters, which are home to oceanic Posidonia, a giant seagrass only found in Europe. Whales, dolphins and turtles are among the species spotted in the Mediterranean around Ibiza.

Last week in Ibiza Town’s port, a crowd of people were vying not to get into the latest upmarket club but for a tour of the Rainbow Warrior. The Greenpeaceship arrived at the island on Wednesday to rally opposition, under a banner reading, simply: “No oil”.

Scottish oil explorer Cairn Energy, whose plans to look for oil in the Arctic have made it the target of green campaigners in the past , says that although it holds licences to explore for oil in the Gulf of Valencia, to the north-west of Ibiza, any seismic testing or the drilling of test wells is a long way off. The company is awaiting a decision on its environmental impact assessment by Spanish authorities due in late summer, which will determine whether it can continue. The government says Spain imports more than 99% of its oil and gas, at great expense, and that it must ensure energy security.

Ida Kreisman, a jewellery maker at a market in Ibiza Town, on oil in Spain fromAdam Vaughan on Vimeo.

In February, more than 10,000 people marched through Ibiza Town, and around 60,000 signed a petition against oil exploration in the region. Twenty people posed naked covered in mock oil for a piece of performance art. The battle went online, with a social media blitz by celebrities who regularly visit Ibiza, including singers Dannii Minogue and Sophie Ellis-Bextor.

“I’m against it, completely. Yes, it’s selfish to say ‘we are against it’ and then use cars and phones, and not be against it in Africa or elsewhere. But this is our territory. I can’t fight for Africa so I have to fight here. We don’t really need oil,” says resident Ida Kreisman, who runs a jewellery stall.

Rebecca Gil, working for the summer at a clothes shop in Ibiza Town, says she recognises Spain‘s need for economic growth but exploring for oil is not the right approach. “I understand the argument for it, but it’s not the solution. The promise of money from the oil is a big lie.”

Denis Mazoyer, mime artist in Ibiza Town, on oil in Spain from Adam Vaughanon Vimeo.

A straw poll of waiters, taxi drivers, hotel workers and street entertainers found all apparently opposed to the prospect. “They are crazy. It is a beautiful island. This is a paradise,” says busker Juan Sanchez, standing in the shadows of the great medieval walls surrounding the hilltop cathedral.

Even local politicians have been surprised at the degree of unanimity. “It is the first time people speak with one voice against a project like this. I cannot remember another time. This is the beginning of something,” says Vicent Serra, president of the island’s local government, the Consell of Ibiza. Serra is a member of the Popular Party, which is in power in Madrid and has argued in favour of exploring for oil, but he says he will put Ibiza first. “I am against oil prospecting here. I was voted to represent the people here.”

Jaume Ferrer, his counterpart in Formentara, an 82-square mile island off the coast, is equally unequivocal. “We feel threatened, attacked, because tourism is the main part of our economy. The tourism is based on our conservation of the environment. We say no.”

José Romone-Bauza, the president of the Balearics – Ibiza, Mallorca and Menorca – told thousands of protesters earlier this year: “Our oil is tourism.”

The sentiment is echoed by Joan Tur, president of Pimeef, a federation of 1,700 small and medium-sized businesses on Ibiza. “90% of the economy here is tourism. The island is a jewel. We have pristine water and clean sand, we are careful about our environment. We cannot take the risk to have an incident. Even the fact of having an oil platform [nearby] would mean the island had less value,” he says.

The island’s natural worth is evident when travelling around the coastline. The Posidonia, a flowering plant commonly known as Neptune grass, creates a five-mile underwater meadow to the south of Ibiza. Conservationists say it provides an important place for fish to breed, and serves an ecological function by cleaning the water.

“Cairn is looking at exploring for oil at depths of 1,000-1,500 metres, which would mean its platform had the same characteristics of Deepwater [Horizon, the source of the 2010 BP oil spill]. If there was a spill, it would be the ‘Balearic problem’ because of the currents,” says Pilar Marcus, a campaigner for Greenpeace, speaking aboard one of the group’s fast inflatable boats as two activists in the water held up placards reading, “No prospecting.”

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