El procés de Gdim Izik, un nou exemple del caràcter dictatorial del Marroc

El passat 17 de febrer, el tribunal Militar de Rabat va decretar 9 sentències de cadena perpètua, a més de 14 penes més d’entre 20 i 30 anys de presó.

Tots els sentenciats eren saharauis. I els fets dels quals se’ls acusen tenen a veure amb la resposta a l’assalt, violent, de les forces de seguretat marroquís durant el desmantellament del camp de Gdim Izik, prop de Laayoune, ara fa més dos anys (el novembre de 2010).

Ja llavors en vaig fer una denuncia formal a la Comissió. Ara, en conèixer la sentència, només puc reiterar el que també va afirmar Aminetu Haidar fa uns dies, en conèixer ella també la sentèn cia: “que aquesta no fa sinó mostrar al món, un cop més, que Marroc és una dictadura”. Amnistia Internacional, entre d’altres, ha denunciat també el procés.

És per tot plegat que he enviat a la Vicepresdienta de la Comissió Europea, i Alta Representant per a la Política Exterior, Sra. Ashton, la següent pregunta, amb caràcter ‘prioritari’: 

Written question by Raül romeva i Rueda on Gdim Izik trial, to the Comission.

Last 17th February, the Military Court of Rabat handed down 9 life sentences and sentenced 14 other defendants to between 20-30 years imprisonment each. 2 other defendants were released having served their 2 -year sentences in pre-trial detention. The convictions relate to violence during and after the Moroccan security forces’ dismantling of the Gdim Izik protest camp in November 2010, during which 11 members of the security forces and 2 Sahrawis were killed. On 8 November 2010, violence broke out when Moroccan security forces tried forcibly to remove people from and dismantle the Gdim Izik protest camp near the town of Laayoune, in the Western Sahara. The camp had been set up in early October that year by Sahrawis protesting against what they describe as their marginalization and demanding jobs and adequate housing. During and after the violence, the security forces arrested some 200 Sahrawis. Until this date and despite persistent calls by Amnesty International and others, the Moroccan authorities have yet to conduct an independent and impartial investigation into the human rights abuses committed in connection with the 2010 events. Moroccan authorities have ignored calls to try the defendants in an independent, impartial civilian court. Instead they have opted for a military court where civilians can never receive a fair trial. It is disturbing that the authorities have also ignored the Sahrawi defendants’ allegations of torture and coerced confessions. Use of military courts, added to the fact that torture allegations have not been investigated, casts serious doubt on the Moroccan authorities’ intention.

A Press Briefing on this trial by the Spokesperson for the UN HC for Human Rights shows concern by the use of a military court to try civilians. And indicates that as noted by the Human Rights Committee, the use of military or special courts to try civilians raises serious problems as far as the equitable, impartial and independent administration of justice is concerned.

Will the High Representative issue a declaration condemning these sentences given to civilians by a military court where civilians can never receive a fair trial? Will the High Representative request that the Moroccan authorities use civilian courts to give fair retrials to the 25 Sahrawis and that they fully investigate the allegations of torture?

Foto: estat en què va quedar el campament de Gdmi Izik, després de l’entrada de les forces de seguretat marroquís.

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