Sàhara Occidental: La Comissió Europea admet finalment que vaixells de la UE pesquen en aigües saharauis

Tal i com podeu llegir de manera exhaustiva en l’article La Comisión Europea admite que barcos europeos pescan en aguas saharauis, editat per Western Sahara Resource Watch, no ha estat gens fàcil que la Comissió reconegués que l’Acord de pesca UE-Marroc estava essent usat per tal que vaixells espanyols pesquessin en aigües del Sàhara occidental, a benefici del Marroc, a qui la UE pagava les compensacions econòmiques, enlloc de garantir que els beneficiaris fossin, com estableix la llegislació internacional, el poble saharaui. Així, després d’haver presentat diverses preguntes parlamentàries, hem aconseguit la informació que reclamàvem, la qual cosa ens ha motivat a seguir endavant amb la recerca i a presentar una nova qüestió/requeriment a la Comissió. És la següent: (segueix…)

Written Question by Raül Romeva, Caroline Lucas and Karin Scheele to the Comission on the EU fisheries in Western Sahara waters:

In answer to our question E-1073/08, Commissioner Borg provided data showing catches by EU-flagged vessels in CECAF Subdivisions 34.1.1 and 34.1.3.

 

1. The Commission says that the data on UK and Portuguese catches may be incomplete; we also note that the data provided for Latvia were not divided into the two Subdivisions. Could the Commission explain what it is doing to get data that are both complete and sufficiently detailed in these cases?


2. Could the Commission please provide the data it has received on catches made under the Moroccan agreement during the first quarter of 2008 (by species, by Member State and by statistical region).


3. Subdivision 34.1.3 includes waters off the coast of northern Mauritania and the southern portion of the Western Sahara. Since our question specifically requested data “on catches under the current agreement with Morocco” we assume that the catches did not take place in Mauritanian waters, and that they therefore took place only in the waters off the coast of Western Sahara. If this interpretation is not correct, could the Commission please explain?


4. To date, Morocco has not claimed either a territorial sea or an Exclusive Economic Zone below the latitude of 27o 42′ N, as indicated in Moroccan Decree 2.75.311 of 21 July 1975 . While Morocco currently occupies part of the Western Sahara, it does not have internationally recognized sovereignty or jurisdiction over the area (as noted by the ICJ in its opinion of 16 October 1975) given that, as the Commission has noted, the 2002 opinion of the UN Legal Advisor is not legally binding and cannot be equated with a judgement of the ICJ or a binding decision of the Security Council.

 

Similarly, Polisario, which is recognized as the representatives of the people of the Western Sahara, has not declared an EEZ off the Western Sahara either.

Would the Commission agree that, if neither of these parties has declared jurisdiction over waters off the coast of the Western Sahara, then these are international waters?


If these are international waters, could the Commission please explain why its vessels are fishing in these international waters under the terms of the fisheries agreement with Morocco? Why is the Commission paying Morocco so that EU-flagged vessels can fish in international waters?

Font foto: wsrw.org

2 pensaments a “Sàhara Occidental: La Comissió Europea admet finalment que vaixells de la UE pesquen en aigües saharauis

  1. Raül:
    Moltes gràcies per la teva feina i pel sentit, que la dotes.
    Segur que no es gens fàcil arribar al fons de qüestions com la que plantejes al teu post i des del moviment de solidaritat amb el poble sahrauí, no sé si cal que et diguem que sempre estarem al teu costat.

    Sé que les teves inquietud son molt més àmplies i que en totes elles estas treballant amb intensitat i sentit.

    No cal que reconeixi la meva afinitat ideològica amb tu i el teu treball, ho faig repetides vegades. Espero que, si tu vols, et tornis a presentar al Parlament Europeu, el meu vot estarà MOLT CLAR, així com les meves ganes de treballar en aquest projecte, que també és el meu