A Facebook és activa la pàgina White Wednesday que divulga la lluita de les dones iranianes que desafien, al preu de la seva llibertat, la imposició de dur el vel islàmic i que posen de manifest cada dia la veritable naturalesa del règim teocràtic islamista que oprimeix el país des de fa quaranta anys. El moviment va néixer l’any 2014 tal com explica aqueixa article la periodista iraniana Yassmin Manauchehri en un article del 8 de març del 2018 a la revista Vogue:
What are White Wednesdays?
White Wednesdays were started by Brooklyn-based Iranian journalist Masih Alinejad, who began the My Stealthy Freedom Facebook campaign in 2014. Women from all over Iran would send pictures of themselves with their hair freely showing in public to be shared on social media. The campaign’s message? Iranian women have the right to choose whether they want to wear the hijab. In 2017, after the reelection of President Hassan Rouhani, Alinejad announced the White Wednesdays movement, inviting Iranian women — and even men — to wear something white on Wednesdays to protest compulsory hijab laws in Iran. This campaign is thought to have been an inspiration for Movahed’s move to completely remove her head scarf in December.
Alinejad takes no credit for what Iranian women are currently doing in Iran and says she’s simply supplying them with a platform to express themselves. In February, she told The New York Times, “We are fighting for our dignity. If you can’t choose what to put on your head, they won’t let you be in charge of what’s in your head, either.”
The movement follows the history of the hijab in Iran.
In Iran, the history of the hijab has been fraught. In an effort to modernize Iran through westernization, ruler Reza Shah Pahlavi banned the hijab in 1936. In 1979, the leader of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, made the hijab compulsory. Girls were then — and still are — expected to wear the hijab above the age of puberty, as women were subject to laws that mandated what type of clothing was permissible.
In 1979, on International Women’s Day, March 8, more than 100,000 women flooded the streets of the capital to protest the compulsory hijab laws, but ultimately, the new Islamic Republic made it illegal for women to leave the house without the hijab.
How do today’s Iranian women feel about the compulsory hijab?
Many Iranian women are continuing the tradition of those who came before them, protesting for the freedom to choose how to dress, whether it is with or without the hijab. Social media and the powerful images and messages shared within seconds on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram are helping to fuel the movement. My Stealthy Freedom’s Alinejad told France 24 that women have been pushing back against compulsory hijab laws for four decades. “Now, social media [is] giving them a platform, giving them the power to be loud, to find each other, to realize that they are not alone. So that is actually helping them to be more powerful,” she said.